Amiga History: Amiga OS Workbench 1.0 from 1985

Amiga OS celebrating 30 years 2015. The Amiga OS Workbench 1.0 from 1985, it´s a piece of computing history.

In 1985 Commodore introduced the Amiga 1000 with Amiga Workbench Version 1.0. Amiga Workbench loosely mimics the Macintosh finder introduced the year before. Workbench, together with its OS component Kickstart, would later be renamed to ”AmigaOS”.

In the YouTube video included here we can se a Amiga 1000 booting up the classic Amiga operating system. The iconic blue on orange, the windows and, for the time being, the amazing media performance.

Workbench 1.0 was released with the first Amiga, the Amiga 1000, in 1985. The 1.x versions of Workbench used a garish blue and orange color scheme, designed to give high contrast on even the worst of television screens (the colors can be changed by the user). Versions 1.1 consists mostly of bug fixes and, like version 1.0, was distributed for the Amiga 1000 only.

The Commodore Amiga 1000 from 1985
The Commodore Amiga 1000 from 1985

The display was highly customizable for the era. The user was free to create and modify system and user icons, while Atari TOS featured only default system icons whose appearance could not be modified and customizing icons on the Macintosh required using ResEdit. Icons can be of arbitrary size and design and can have two image states to produce a pseudo-animated effect when selected. Users could customize four display colors and choose from two resolutions: 640×200 or 640×400 (interlaced) on NTSC, or 640×256 or 640×512 on PAL systems. In later revisions, the TV or monitor overscan could be adjusted.

Commodore Amiga 500
The Commodore Amiga A5oo with a Commodore A1084 monitor, a A1010 diskdrive and the iconic Workbench.

Several features were deprecated in later versions. For example, the gauge meter showing the free space on a file system was replaced with a percentage in Workbench 2.0. Under Workbench 1.x, right clicking on icons opens a display of the files metadata, whereas from Workbench 2.0 right clicking activates pull-down menus only. The default ”busy” pointer (a comic balloon showing ”Zzz…”) was replaced with a stopwatch in later versions.

The Amiga Workbench 1.0 from 1985.
The Amiga Workbench 1.0 from 1985.

Resources:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Workbench_(AmigaOS)

http://toastytech.com/guis/amiga1.html

http://www.gregdonner.org/workbench/wb_10.html

Retro Mike
About Retro Mike 89 Articles
Retro Mike. Computer Kid of the 70's. Commodore collector, retrocomputer entusiast and part-time blogger/tweeter of cool technology and nostalgia.

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